When new cannabis opportunities drive Wall Street crazy

This noise coming from the New York Stock Exchange lately responds to the explosion of the cannabis market in the US mainly but in the world eventualy.

Wall Street brokers enthusiastically welcomed the arrival this week on the official Nasdaq market of the first company specializing solely in cannabis, the Canadian Cronos.

First observation here: the title of Cronos jumped 20% since its listing on the stock market!

The company’s stock, which grows and distributes therapeutic and recreational cannabis on four continents, could already be traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange as well as over-the-counter in New York in the form of American Depositary Receipts (ADRs), certificates allowing a foreign company to trade in the United States without having to comply with the country’s massive regulatory requirements.

However, since Tuesday, the company has been allowed to list its shares on the official Nasdaq platform, the electronic stock exchange overlooking Times Square in New York, in the same way as Apple or Amazon. This implies that it now meets all the requirements of the American financial markets policeman, the SEC.

Cronos CEO Mike Gorenstein described this development as “a major step forward for the company.” In a statement issued last Monday, he noted:

“We believe this will increase long-term shareholder value by improving visibility, liquidity, and attractiveness to institutional investors.
Cronos gave up nearly 2% the day he arrived on the Nasdaq but jumped 20.34% Wednesday.

An explosion of the cannabis market

This fanfare on the New York Stock Exchange responds to the explosion of the cannabis market in the world. In December 2013, Uruguay became the first country in the world to legalize the production, distribution, and consumption of cannabis.

In the United States, although soft drugs are still banned at the federal level, several states have authorized their marketing.

Several countries have also legalized cannabis for therapeutic use. In Canada, recreational use will become legal on July 1, 2018.

North American investors capitalizing on the commercial potential of cannabis can also invest in other specialized over-the-counter companies such as Aphria, Canopy Growth Corp or Aurora Cannabis, whose shares are also traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

It is also possible for them to bet on companies with a foot in the soft drug sector, such as the American alcoholic beverage distributor Constellation Brands, which recently acquired an equity stake in Canopy Growth.

Canada: MPs vote to legalize cannabis

Legalization should be effective in September. It would be the first country in the G7 to allow free consumption of this soft drug.

While France is divided over the opening of shops selling “ultra-light cannabis,” Canadian MPs on Monday passed the bill to legalize cannabis, making Canada the first G7 country to allow the free consumption of this soft drug.

The legislation passed by 205 votes to 82 and was referred to the Senate, which amended it. Under the Constitution, the Senate can delay the passage of a bill but not block it. Once the upper house adopts this reform, it must receive royal assent (signature of the implementing decree).

Effective legalization is expected in early September.

A maximum of four cannabis plants per person

Last week the Liberal government rejected 13 of 46 amendments proposed by the Senate, which approved the bill the week before after seven months of study.

One of these amendments would have left it up to the provinces to ban the cultivation of cannabis in the home, as Manitoba and Quebec wish to do. However, the government firmly opposed it.

“It is recognized that there are different perspectives across the country, but we have done the studies and consultations on home cultivation,” said Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in justifying the government’s decision to allow up to four cannabis plants per person.

“In three years, we will be able to review what works, what does not work” in the law, he said.

Want to find out how to buy weed in Canada once it becomes legalized? Watch the following video:

Cannabis grinder, our review of the top 3 models in 2018!

Grinders have revolutionized joint preparation. No more resin-coated scissors and blackened fingertips. No need to wait until your mixture is perfectly refined. Load then turn, and great little heads are ready to be smoked. We present you the best grinders in 2018.

The best cannabis grinders

A cannabis grinder is a simple to use tool that facilitates the preparation of a joint in an orderly and efficient manner. Dried cannabis heads must be broken into pieces before they can be smoked.

Your preferred method of consumption may be in the form of a joint, blunt, bong or spray.

Whatever the situation, your precious heads will be better off if you break them into small pieces, because it will add even more. Not only do grinders make the job more comfortable, but they also help avoid wasting your heads.

The other methods of preparation can be sticky and thick, especially if you take into account all the new ultra resinous varieties available today in stores. When you have sticky fingers, filling your bong or spray can be a real pain. Tights from blunts and rolling sheets can quickly turn into a nightmare.

There are many types of grinders. Some are as simple as a grater, just like a reduced version of a cheese grater, but for weed. The other standard models come in the form of a single compartment where the heads are ground and then packed in a bong or other.

The other versions are much more advanced and can have up to 4 compartments! These collect the finely ground heads and the kief in separate compartments. Thus, the kief can be collected and stored for later use with the intention of being compressed to make hash or concentrate.

Our committed team sacrificed themselves for a good cause and tested and smoked much excellent quality ganja for research. We rolled many joints, packed multiple bongs until late at night for the sole purpose of being able to concoct this list of the best cannabis grinders for you. More on cannabis grinders here meilleurs grinders pour cannabis!

Rqs pollinator – a popular flagship product

This unique grinder/pollinator explicitly designed for royal queen seeds includes a crank rather than the standard rotational movement when grinding. The grids inside effectively sort your cannabis into fine, ready-to-use particles.

The grinding compartment provides a fluffy texture perfect for rolling joints or cones. Sprayers love balanced textures because it makes the heating stage even more efficient. More effective vaporization will ensure that nothing has been wasted in the chamber to heat the vapor.

The lowest compartment for the kief collects superfine particles, resin, dust and flying glands. Accept the challenge of trichome and try to make the biggest hash ball possible in 12 months, or else, add the collected kief to your mixture.

Exle xxl – ehle products are made to last

Here is a grinder/pollinator specially designed for the greedy of an critical capacity to be able to grind a consequent quantity of grass in one time. This balèze object invented by ehle is as robust as their famous bongs collection. Made from the highest quality cnc aluminum possible, this ultra-resistant grinder passes through any grass like a knife in butter.

Black leaf thc – german quality

This precision machined black leaf aluminum grinder/pollinator performs an elegant, friction-free rotation that makes grinding easier than ever. Its large capacity, knurled lid and nylon friction ring are the keys to the ease with which this grinder does what it is meant to do. The anodized finish prevents any damage, and the thc inscription on the lid makes it easy to see why this object is useful.

With super-sharp diamond-shaped teeth, these teeth can handle any cannabis head without the slightest difficulty. Transforming your crystallized flowers into a silky plush, a grass ready to be used, you will discover that the lower compartment is full of a mountain of kief. Why wait? Just add it to your grass to increase the power and taste of your next joint.

How to grow cannabis outdoor ?

Sprout your auto-flowering or feminized cannabis seeds.

  • Soak your seeds overnight in demineralized water.
  • Place them the next day in your germination substrate
  • If the germ is out, place it down. In case your seed is unchanged, plant the end from which the germ will quickly come out downwards
  • Cover with 1 cm of substrate and keep 50% humidity and an ambient temperature between 22 and 25°C in your growing space.

We advise you to start growing in small one-liter pots and then pass into 3-liter pots until your plants reach 25 to 30 centimeters. Two solutions are then available to you

Growing cannabis outdoor in pot

If you want to grow outdoors with pots as a base, choose the pot size that best suits your needs, from 40 to 150 L. For auto-flowering seeds, pots from 11 to 18 L will be more than sufficient.

  • Replace your small plants in the large pots
  • Use prepared soil
  • Make sure your plants are exposed to the south and get enough natural light per day
  • Avoid all outside and artificial lights during the cycle of darkness (street lights, apartment lights, etc.)
    During the entire growth phase, two weeks after the seeds have been planted and the cotyledons have emerged (usually until mid-July), use conventional growth fertilizer
  • Add root stimulant during the first two or three growth stages. We recommend watering once or twice a week depending on the intensity of sunlight your plants receive, if the weather is not good, simply water with water.

When flowering, use a range of flowering fertilizers (Advanced Nutrients for example). Then water more frequently, two to three times during the week. During the last month of flowering, add a flowering booster. Finally, rinse two weeks before your harvest.

Growing cannabis in open ground

The cannabis plant is a plant that adapts relatively well to all substrates and proliferates easily. Simply avoid sandy and marshy soils. The richer your soil, the better your crop will be. Soils with sedimentary origins prove to be the best, in fact, they give your plants the stability and nutrition appropriate for their development.

We recommend however to establish a hole in the ground of one cubic meter, which you will fill with the appropriate substrate. Make a mixture of prepared soil to enriched the soil, coconut and some organic fertilizers such as Guanokalong.

For watering, start the root stimulator (Start Booster from Aptus) two weeks after potting and continue for the next three weeks. Use your growth fertilizer (Advanced Nutrients) as in a pot crop, i.e. once or twice a week depending on the weather. If the latter does not offer sun water the water.

During the flowering phase also use a flowering fertilizer and a stimulator during the last month before the harvest (Super Pk from Aptus). Then water two to three times a week depending on the weather as well. We advise you to rinse with water three weeks before cutting.

Whatever your type of outdoor cultivation, it is important to plant your cannabis plants in a sunny place, if possible sheltered from the wind and discreet. However, pot cultivation prevents damage from animals or insects on the ground. Also, remember to check the PH level of your water.

Who is behind cannabis growers in Canada?

Faced with a booming market, old politicians see this as an opportunity for a new career.

The lucrative cannabis market in Canada is creating new vocations. In a country where, in 2017,4.9 million people were thought to have spent about C$5.7 billion (€3.8 billion) on cannabis, old policies saw it as an opportunity for a new career.

Chuck Rifici, former Treasurer of the Canadian Liberal Party (CLP) in the election of Justin Trudeau, is President of Cannabis Wheaton Income Corp. He was one of the founders of Canopy Growth, the largest Canadian and global producer. It is chaired by Mark Zekulin, a former adviser to Ontario’s Liberal finance minister, Mark Zekulin. Also worth mentioning is Herb Dhaliwal, former minister of Jean Chrétien’s government, now president of National Green BioMed, a producer in British Columbia, and former national director of the LPC, Adam Miron, director of Hydropothecary.

Former police officers

Former senior officials from Health Canada, the federal government’s licensing agency, also work for the cannabis industry. Former researcher Thomas Shipley, for example, is director of quality control at Canopy. At Hydropothecary, customer service is managed by Max Cyr, who supervised the cannabis case at Health Canada. Others, such as Brian Wagner and Ivan Vrana, are consultants for this industry, after having been involved in marijuana coaching….

To ensure the safety of their facilities, several producers hired former police officers. Such as the former head of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Norman Inkster, director of Mettrum, and Timothy Humberstone, an ex-drug fighter who became the director of ABcann.

 

Some investments don’t look good. According to Le Journal de Montréal, at least C$165 million from tax havens has been invested in cannabis production companies. Over the past two years, 35 of the 86 producers licensed by Health Canada have received offshore funding.

Top 4 Cannabis Myths and Facts

Cannabis is a substance that has been put through a lot of condemnation and negative publicity unfairly. While everything has its upsides and downsides, marijuana is always a different case, according to the public’s perception. Due to the publicity, the public understands it as something that only has several disadvantages without any advantage.
The reality, however, is that weed has significant upsides besides the downsides, and it’s unfair that the society often only looks at the downsides rather than every side. The many bad things you hear about marijuana are usually based on just myths and propaganda. Here are the top 5 marijuana myths and facts you need to know;

1. Marijuana Affects Your Mental Stability

fbaisbfeiofawuowowow There has been a common myth that smoking weed degrades your mental stability because the substance supposedly kills your brain cells. We would like to state that that’s a complete hoax.

Fact

After many years of research, the University of Louisville has recently found that cannabis use doesn’t, in fact, murder your brain cells or affect your mental stability. The research validates a 2003 report published by Cambridge University making the same claim.

2. Marijuana Is More Harmful To Your Lungs than Cigarettes

Some people claim that smoking cannabis is worse to your lungs than smoking cigarettes. They are of the opinion that marijuana causes lung problems twice as much as cigarettes. How true is that?

Fact

Marijuana contains fewer chemicals than cigarettes. The substances include cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). On the other hand, smoke contains nicotine, tar, CO2, formaldehyde, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, arsenic and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). These chemicals are more harmful to your lungs than the compounds in marijuana.

3. Marijuana Can Make You Crazy

There is another common myth out there that weed can make someone go crazy. Crazy individuals are many times associated with it—people just think someone is high on weed when they seem to be acting crazy.

Fact

A lot of research has been done to establish the relationship between marijuana and mental health. Up to now, there’s no evidence, showing that the two are related in any way. It is just bad press.

4. Marijuana Makes Sex Uninteresting

Due to propaganda and negative publicity, many people have been made to believe that smoking marijuana affects sexual performance. There are many ads both online and offline warning teenagers that weed makes you antisocial, unable to talk to the girls, and poor in bed.

Fact

According to a particular Canadian based research group, smoking marijuana makes you better in bed. The organization found that more than half of the participants(men and women) who had sex after taking a few puffs of weed reported it as more enjoyable than regular sex.

Conclusion

There is a lot of misleading propaganda in the public domain regarding cannabis. Some people will tell you that marijuana affects your mental stability or damages your lungs twice as much as cigarettes. Others will tell you that it can make you crazy or reduce your sex appetite. But the truth is that none of these claims holds any water.

List of the Latest Countries that Have Legalized Cannabis

Cannabis which is also known as marijuana or weed is a substance that’s derived from a plant called cannabis sativa. This substance can be used for several purposes, including health, recreational and economical, thanks to its unique characteristics and effects. Weed is a psychotropic substance that offers advantages and disadvantages in equal measure. It offers health, economic and life-improving benefits as well as setbacks in equal parts.

For a very long time, the society has focused on marijuana disadvantages alone as opposed to everything. It has notably ignored the advantages of this psychotropic substance until just recently. Due to the negative publicity, marijuana use has been banned in many countries around the world for decades. However, going by the recent developments, it seems that many countries are beginning to have a positive attitude towards cannabis. The following countries have recently legalized weed;

1. Canada

Although in Canada cannabis usage is legal for medicinal purposes only, the nation could soon allow its citizens and residents to use weed for purposes other than this. There is currently a bill in parliament seeking to decriminalize weed usage for none medicinal purposes. The bill is at an advanced stage, and sources indicate that its likely to pass.

2. Some US States

Although marijuana usage remains an illegal activity except for medicinal and research purposes in many US states, there a few states that have completely legalized it no matter the purpose. The states where weed usage is completely legal are Alaska, Colorado, California, Massachusetts, Maine, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, Washing and Washington DC. It is highly likely that other states could soon follow suit.

3. Argentina

In Argentina, weed is partially legal, depending on the purpose. While it is legal to use weed for medicinal purposes here, you could be put behind bars for using the substance for purposes other than this.The sentence for illegal weed usage is often between 1 and six years.

4. North Korea

Did you know that you can do weed in North Korea without getting arrested? Despite being a totalitarian state with strict laws and harsh sentences, North Korea has a very positive attitude towards cannabis. It is completely legal to do weed in this jurisdiction.

5. Australia

In Australia, marijuana is legal for medicinal and scientific purposes. However, some parts of Australia such as Victoria, the Australian Capital Territory, the Northern Territory and South Australia have gone a step further to decriminalize cannabis for personal use.

6. Austria

Austria is one of the few countries that have recently changed their laws regarding cannabis usage. The Eastern European country decriminalized marijuana for personal use two years ago. It’s still illegal to grow marijuana or sell marijuana within the jurisdiction though.

Conclusion

These are some of the countries where cannabis usage is entirely or partially legal. Places where marijuana use is entirely legal to include North Korea, the US states above, the Australian territories above, and Austria. The rest allow weed usage for medicinal and research purposes only. Many other countries could also soon review and change their laws regarding marijuana.

In California, thousands of amnesties related to marijuana.

The City of San Francisco will review up to 8,000 convictions and offenses under the new legislation, authorizing recreational cannabis.

In opposition to the Trump administration, the city of San Francisco, California, has instituted an amnesty for all convictions related to cannabis for over forty years. The agglomeration prosecutor’s office has thus indicated that it will “retroactively apply the measure (…) legalizing the possession and use of recreational marijuana”, adopted in November 2016,”to criminal offenses and convictions dating back to 1975″. Up to 8,000 convictions and offenses will be examined.

“Although drug policies are taking a step backward at the federal level, San Francisco is once again taking the initiative to repair the damage caused by the disastrous (…) war on drugs,” prosecutor George Gascon commented.” A criminal conviction can be a barrier to employment, housing, and other subsidies.”

The San Diego prosecutor’s spokesperson, Summer Stephan, told Agence France-Presse that the seaside resort on the Mexican border has been taking similar steps to erase cannabis-related criminal records for the past year.

Persons who have sold drugs to minors or involved in violence, particularly sexual assaults and rapes, cannot benefit from these amnesties.

“Restorative Justice”

Gavin Newson, an assistant to the governor of California and former mayor of San Francisco, highlights the “lives shattered by an expensive and racially discriminatory marijuana criminal justice system.

hvfiosfissvfospsapProsecutor Gascon points out that the “war on drugs,” the nickname of federal counter-narcotics policy for years, has resulted in “uneven arrests across racial groups.” With Black and Hispanic people being the subject of more frequent arrests and incarceration than Whites, although “multiple studies have shown that drug use and sale is equivalent.”

In California, several cities such as Los Angeles or Oakland, and Portland, Oregon, are working to address these disparities and are implementing “restorative justice” measures, such as prioritizing African Americans or Hispanics in commercialization licensing.

Eight states, including Colorado and Washington State in addition to Washington DC, have already legalized recreational soft drugs, and thirty states with the federal capital have legalized them for therapeutic use. However, it remains illegal at the federal level in the US.

If the Obama administration had lifted the stakes on marijuana arrests and prosecutions, the Trump administration and its justice minister, Jeff Sessions, have raised the stakes.

Weed in the garden

If you want to place a few plants outside, it is relatively easy. The safest way to prevent diseases in the plant is to grow from seeds. The biggest disadvantage of growing outdoors is the stench it brings with it. Please note that the neighbours may complain about it. It is best to consult with the neighbours in advance (or let them enjoy your harvest), which prevents a lot of hassle afterwards.

Can I also grow marijuana in a pot?

The big advantage of cannabis in a pot: You can move it around.

This way you can always put the plant in the sunniest part of the garden. When you get visit you can put it away. It is also possible to decide for yourself how big your plant will be. If you put the cannabis in a small pot, it will remain small.

A cannabis plant can get a huge height in the ground.
In the garden your plant will produce more yield.

It is also an idea to grow your weed in the wilderness. (Guerrilla grows) Then you can grow the plants large and you have a good yield. If someone finds your plants, the chance is small that someone knows who they are.

growing weed in house

Growth tips:

Keep an eye on your plants so that you can see in time if something is wrong.
To ensure that your plants get enough light it is necessary to keep the leaves free of dust.
Growth and spraying agents used to grow tomatoes are also suitable for cannabis plants.
Do you see boilers somewhere? Then that soil is very suitable for planting cannabis plants. The cannabis plant comes from the same family as the nettle.
How much light?

The plant continues to grow when it is in the light for about 18 hours and 6 hours in the dark. Under these conditions, the plant only continues to grow. She will then not blossom.
Only at 12 hours of light and dark alternately, the plant will start flowering and make weed.

Growing cannabis in the house.

If you want to grow weed for your own use in your own home, it is best done in a growing cupboard with lighting. If you can also place this cabinet in a moisture-free cellar, which has room temperature, this is ideal.

breeding cabinet

You don’t have to make sure that your cultivation cabinet is light-tight, because the cellar is dark. However, you have to take into account that there is sufficient air supply.

What You Need To Know About Medical Use Of Cannabis

There are a lot of controversies that surrounded this drug right from its inception in the beginning. There is still an outright ban on it in some countries up to this present moment.

The discovery by medical scientists that it can be useful in the treatment of some ailments is the reason why medical cannabis has gained acceptance in some developed countries of the world. The mere mention of cannabis in some quarters up to today invokes the remembrance of Marijuana and with it everything bad.

What Is Cannabis?

It goes by several scientific names. Cannabis sativa called hemp and it belongs to the Cannabinaceae family. It contains a chemical compound THC (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol). This chemical compound is responsible for the psychoactive effects of Cannabis.

How Can It Be Used?

There are various options for the use of cannabis. We shall be considered first, the general uses of it before we take it further on to the medicinal uses.

The Dried Leaves

The dried flowers and leaves of the plant which are also referred to as marijuana can be utilized in various forms. It can be smoked through any preferred means.  Alternatively, some people prefer to take it with food orally that is baked in cookies.

The Resinous Secretions Of The Plant

This section of the plant is also known as hashish. It is either eaten raw or smoked.

The Fibre

The fiber of this plant is produced as industrial hemp which finds its use in the textile manufacturing companies.

Medical Uses

This substance is classified under the category of a schedule 1. Research has resulted in the development and now marketing of the following gotten from marijuana:

Marinol

It is used in the control of the following medical conditions: nausea and vomiting; used in the treatment of cancer; to stimulate appetite in AIDS patients.

* Cesamet

It is used to control nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapeutic agents

For patients, there are eight medical conditions for which they can be permitted to use cannabis. The list includes all of the following:

  • The Cancer patients.
  • Those diagnosed with Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS patients
  • Those that are suffering from the fit of Muscle spasms
  • People that suffer from Seizures
  • Those that fall into the category of people that suffer Severe pain
  • In cases of severe nausea
  • Cachexia also meaning dramatic weight loss.
  • People affected by muscle atrophy also known as wasting syndrome.

The above medical conditions are the ones medically allowed to take this substance; Anything outside the list above is a contravention of the laws.

Care Tips

Do not drive under the influence of this substance.

Do not drink alcohol alongside this substance.

Do not use during pregnancy or when you are preparing for pregnancy.

Do not use this substance while breastfeeding a baby.

Conclusion

The above should serve as a guide towards the proper use of cannabis.

Efficiënt en effectief je eigen plantjes kweken

Cannabiszaden

Je kunt op de pagina Thuis wiet kweken natuurlijk al het een en ander lezen over het kweken van wiet, maar in dit artikel focussen we ons op hoe je te werk moet gaan om efficiënt wiet te kweken. Om te beginnen zijn er natuurlijk veel verschillende type cannabiszaden. We gaan in dit artikel uit van het binnenshuis kweken van de plantjes. Wanneer je de plantjes buiten wilt kweken (en zaadjes hebt die geschikt zijn voor buitenshuis), houd er dan rekening mee dat je deze alleen in de zomer kunt kweken.

Geef de zaadjes voldoende water

hfavifvoseroueeuooesWanneer je hebt besloten om zelf wietplanten te kweken (het maximale aantal voor thuisgebruik is 5), dan zal je moeten beginnen om de cannabiszaadjes te wateren. Kraanwater is hierbij ideaal en we raden aan om de zaadjes eerst in een glas water te zetten en op een plek met een temperatuur van ongeveer 18-30 graden Celsius te plaatsen. Je zou het glas dus bijvoorbeeld in een keukenkastje kunnen plaatsen. Controleer de zaadjes elke 12 uur en druk drijvende zaadjes soms even onder water om ervoor te zorgen dat ze voldoende water opnemen.

Kies voor een geschikte bodem

De zaadjes kunnen meestal na ongeveer 48 uur worden geplant. Wanneer de witte wortels van de zaadjes in het glas water zichtbaar worden moeten de zaadjes uit het water worden gehaald en in een schoon en vrij losse, pH-neutrale bodem met goede drainage worden geplant. Bij de betere growshops kan vaak een bodem bestaande uit perliet, vermiculiet en veenmos worden gekocht, maar ook universele potgrond met hydrokorrels volstaat vaak prima als bodem.

Gebruik een geschikte pot

Bij het planten van de zaadjes is het belangrijk dat ze op de juiste diepte en in een goede container of pot worden geplant. Cannabiszaadjes moeten over op een diepte van ongeveer 0,5 tot 1,5 cm in de aarde worden gestoken en de pot moet een diepte van ten minste 10 cm hebben. Zorg er ook voor dat de pot gaatjes heeft waardoor overtollig vocht kan worden gedraineerd. De aarde moet goed vochtig, maar niet doorweekt zijn.

Plaats de pot in de juiste omgeving

Tot slot is het belangrijk om de pot in een omgeving met de juiste temperatuur te plaatsen. De planten groeien het beste bij een temperatuur van 20-25 graden Celsius. Dek de pot in het begin af met een stuk helder plastic en verwijder dit plastic wanneer de planten door beginnen te komen en de eerste echte bladeren zich vormen. Houd de bodem vochtig en maak eventueel gebruik van wat meststoffen. Let wel op dat er niet teveel gebruikt wordt gemaakt van meststoffen, aangezien dit schadelijk kan zijn voor de plant.